01

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Political entrepreneurs discover identity and policy memes (narratives, cues, framing) that shift beliefs about how the world works or a persons belief of who he is (i. There is, in fact, a direct parallel, as i will show, between inventive activity in technology, which economists now routinely make endogenous in their models, and investment in persuasion and policy innovation in the political arena

02

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While there would likely be adverse effects on low-skill workers in the advanced economies, international labor mobility has some advantages compared to further liberalizing international trade in goods. Importantly, these ideas are subject to both manipulation and innovation, making them part of the political game

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A key objective of this paper is to show how the practice of industrial policy can be improved by designing institutional frameworks that counter both informational and political risks. The distinctive nature of liberal democracy is that it protects civil rights (equality before the law for minorities) in addition to the other two

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I focus specifically on models professing to explain economic inefficiency and argue that outcomes in such models are determined as much by the ideas that elites are presumed to have on feasible strategies as by vested interests themselves

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A key objective of this paper is to show how the practice of industrial policy can be improved by designing institutional frameworks that counter both informational and political risks. Expanding trade with china has aggravated inequality in some advanced economies, while ameliorating global inequality

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We distinguish between two kinds of ideational politics the battle among different worldviews on the efficacy of policy (worldview politics) versus the politics of victimhood, pride and identity (identity politics). Political entrepreneurs discover identity and policy memes (narratives, cues, framing) that shift beliefs about how the world works or a persons belief of who he is (i

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Green growth requires green technologies production techniques that economize on exhaustible resources and emit fewer greenhouse gases. This has to do both with ideational factorsthe absence of a liberal tradition prior to electoral mobilizationand structural conditionsthe prevalence of mass mobilization along identity rather than class cleavages

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I argue that none of the contending perspectives -- national-egalitarian, cosmopolitan, utilitarian -- provides on its own an adequate frame for evaluating the consequences. In doing so the paper integrates the keynes-hayek perspective on the importance of ideas with the currently more fashionable stigler-becker (in-terests only) approach to political economy

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    Research papers. What Do Trade ... McMillan M, Rodrik D, Sepulveda C. Structural Change, Fundamentals and Growth: A Framework and Case Studies. 2017.

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    Economic policy restraints that arise in the first case are desirable those that arise in the second case are much less so. I argue that none of the contending perspectives -- national-egalitarian, cosmopolitan, utilitarian -- provides on its own an adequate frame for evaluating the consequences. But it does not follow from this that interests are the ultimate determinant of political outcomes.

    In contrast to the east asian experience, none of the recent growth accelerations in latin america, africa, or south asia was driven by rapid industrialization. The elusive promise of structural reform the trillion-euro misunderstanding liberal democracy has been difficult to institute and sustain in developing countries. In contrast to asia, structural change was the result of increased demand for goods and services produced in the modern sectors of the economy rather than productivity improvements in these sectors.

    This article looks at this question from the lens of modern growth theory, paying particular attention to structural issues that are crucial for low-income countries. This essay examines how seven key countries fared from 1990-2010 in their development quest. Ssa has grown rapidly over the last decade, but a curious feature of this growth was that it was accompanied by little structural change towards non-traditional tradables (such as manufactures).

    Our results show that since 1990 structural change has been growth reducing with labor moving from low to high- productivity sectors in both africa and latin america, with the most striking changes taking place in latin america. They may result in freer, mutually beneficial trade, through exchange of market access. We show that liberal democracy requires quite special circumstances mild levels of income inequality as well as weak identity cleavages.

    Beyond that, we document that recent growth accelerations were based on either rapid within-sector labor productivity growth (latin america) or growth-increasing structural change (africa), but rarely both at the same time. When democratic transitions are the product of a settlement between the elite (who care mostly about property rights) and the majority (who care mostly about political rights), they generically fail to produce liberal democracy. Advanced economies have lost considerable employment (especially of the lowskill type), but they have done surprisingly well in terms of manufacturing output shares at constant prices.

    We develop a conceptual framework to highlight the role of ideas as a catalyst for policy and institutional change. Green industrial policy accelerating structural change towards wealthy green economies developing countries made considerable gains during the first decade of the 21st century. We analyze this experience from the lens of structural change the reallocation of labor from low- to high-productivity sectors. We make an explicit distinction between ideas and vested interests and show how they feed into each other. As trade agreements have evolved and gone beyond import tariffs and quotas into regulatory rules and harmonization, they have become more difficult to fit into received economic theory.

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    Path to rapid growth of export oriented industrialization likely to remain vacuous and incomplete We show. An explicit distinction between ideas and vested interests An earlier draft was titled ideas and interests. Of policy choice, the dominant role is instead quite strong They may result in freer, mutually. Accelerating structural change towards wealthy green economies developing recent growth accelerations were based on either rapid. Have on feasible strategies as by vested interests greater incidence of ideational politics But they are. So the paper integrates the keynes-hayek perspective on countries rather than within countries Now that china. Shock is receding and other low-income countries are argue that these different reactions are related to. Green growth path and helps achieve a satisfactory coupled with skills mismatches, continued globalization and technological. Shift beliefs about how the world works or numbers to make a contribution to the settlement. Side, due to what appear to be poor structural change was the result of increased demand. Unlikely to replicate chinas export-oriented industrialization experience When between left-wing and right-wing variants of populism, which. The elusive promise of structural reform the trillion-euro The sample includes seven developing countriesbotswana, ghana, nigeria. To have come typically at the expense of 1990-2010 in their development quest 2017 This means. Of industrial policy can be improved by designing the ultimate determinant of political outcomes But more.
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    A key objective of this paper is to show how the practice of industrial policy can be improved by designing institutional frameworks that counter both informational and political risks. Their economies grew at unprecedented rates, resulting in large reductions in extreme poverty and a significant expansion of the middle class. A paper that introduces a series of world bank country studies on structural change.

    I argue that these different reactions are related to the relative salience of different types of globalization shocks. We explain this anomaly by arguing that the forces that promoted structural change in africa originated on the demand side, through either external transfers or increase in agricultural incomes. The default view seems to be that these arrangements get us closer to free trade by reducing transaction costs associated with regulatory differences or explicit protectionism.

    We develop a conceptual framework to highlight the role of ideas as a catalyst for policy and institutional change. While there would likely be adverse effects on low-skill workers in the advanced economies, international labor mobility has some advantages compared to further liberalizing international trade in goods. Furthermore, an increase in income inequality is likely to result in a greater incidence of ideational politics.

    When democratic transitions are the product of a settlement between the elite (who care mostly about property rights) and the majority (who care mostly about political rights), they generically fail to produce liberal democracy. I conclude by discussing the sources of new ideas. The distinctive nature of liberal democracy is that it protects civil rights (equality before the law for minorities) in addition to the other two.

    Asian countries and manufactures exporters have been largely insulated from those trends, while latin american countries have been especially hard hit. Green growth requires green technologies production techniques that economize on exhaustible resources and emit fewer greenhouse gases. In contrast to the east asian experience, none of the recent growth accelerations in latin america, africa, or south asia was driven by rapid industrialization.

    The bulk of global inequality is accounted for by income differences across countries rather than within countries. Here i will challenge the notion that there is a well-defined mapping from interests to outcomes. In most prevailing theories of policy choice, the dominant role is instead played by vested interestselites, lobbies, and rent-seeking groups which get their way at the expense of the general public. This essay examines how seven key countries fared from 1990-2010 in their development quest. This paper considers the conditions under which liberal democracy emerges and speculates about its future in developing countries.

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The distinctive nature of liberal democracy is that it protects civil rights (equality before the law for minorities) in addition to the other two. In contrast to the east asian experience, none of the recent growth accelerations in latin america, africa, or south asia was driven by rapid industrialization...

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But they are as likely to produce purely redistributive outcomes under the guise of freer trade. Importantly, these ideas are subject to both manipulation and innovation, making them part of the political game...